Contact Us

Name

Email *

Message *

Tuesday, 23 January 2018

Ratha Saptami


Religious significance


Ratha Saptami or Magha Saptami marks the seventh day following the Sun’s northerly movement (Uttarayana) of vernal equinox starting from Capricorn (Makara). It is symbolically represented in the form of the Sun God Surya turning his Ratha (Chariot) drawn by seven horses, with Aruna as the charioteer, towards the northern hemisphere, in a north-easterly direction. The symbolic significance of the ratha and the seven horses reigned to it is that it represents the seven colours of the rainbow. The seven horses are also said to represent the seven days of a week starting with Sunday, the day of Sun god Surya. The chariot has 12 wheels, which represents the 12 signs (each of 30 degrees) of the Zodiac (360 degrees) and constituting a full year, named Samvatsara. The Sun’s own house is Leo (Simha) and he moves from one house to the next every month and the total cycle takes 365 days to complete. The Ratha Saptami festival seeks the benevolent cosmic spread of energy and light from the Sun God.

Ratha Saptami also marks the gradual increase in temperature across South India and awaits the arrival of spring, which is later heralded by the festival of Ugadi or the Hindu lunar New Year day in the month of Chaitra.

Ritual and worship


On Ratha Saptami one should take bath during Arunodaya. Ratha Saptami Snan is one of the important rituals and is suggested during Arunodaya only. Arunodaya period prevails for four Ghatis (approx. one and half hour for Indian locations if we consider one Ghati duration as 24 minutes) before sunrise. Taking bath before sunrise during Arunodaya keeps one healthy and free from all types of ailments and diseases. Because of this belief Ratha Saptami is also known as Arogya Saptami. Taking bath in water body like river, canal is preferred over taking bath at home. 

After taking bath one should worship Lord Surya during sunrise by offering arghyadan, offer red color vastra, decorate with sandal paste, turmeric and kumkum, light ghee lamp and do archana with red color flowers, neivedhyam using wheat, offering food mixed with wheat to cow and dhaan dharma to the needy. Parayanam of Aruna Prasnam (Suryanamaskar), Adithyahridayam helps for salvation from sins and the expiation of misdeeds.  

In Tirumala Tirupathi, one-day brahmotsavam is held on Ratha Saptami.

Legends


Ratha Saptami also marks the birth of Surya to sage Kashyapa and his wife Aditi and hence celebrated as Surya Jayanti (the Sun-god’s birthday). A legend is narrated by the Kamboj empire’s King Yashovarma, a noble king who had no heir to rule his kingdom. On his special prayers to God, he was blessed with a son. The king’s vows did not end with this, as his son was terminally ill. A saint who visited the king advised that his son should perform the Ratha Saptami pooja (worship) with reverence to rid of his past sins. Once the King’s son performed this, his health was restored and he ruled his kingdom well. It is also said that sage Bhisma breathed his last breath a day after the Ratha Saptami day.


Ratha Saptami Muhurtam for 24.1.2018


Snan Muhurta 5:29 AM to 7:17 AM
Sunrise time for Arghyadan 7:13 AM
Saptami Tithi Starts 4:40 PM on 23.1.2018
Saptami Tithi Ends 4:16 PM on 24.1.2018

Ratha Saptami Snana - Argya Mantra

[7 arga leaves (crown flower plant leaves), raw rice, bermuda grass, turmeric and cow dung, must be used while Bathing on this day facing east, placing leaf upon the head and chant the below mantra].

Sapta Sapti Priye Devi Sapta Loka Pradeepike
Sapta janmaarjitam paapam hara saptami satvaram
Etatjanma krutam paapam krutam sapta sujanmasoo
Naumi saptami Devitwaam sapta lokaika Maataram
Saptaarga patra snaane mama paapam Vyopahayae

Sapta Sapti Ratha Sthaan Sapta Loka Pradeepike
Saptamyaa Saha Deva Tvam Gruhaanaargyam Diwaakara
Diwaakaraaya Namah Argyam Samarpayaami


रथसप्तमी स्नान – अर्घ्य मंत्राः

सप्त सप्ति प्रिये देवि सप्त लोक प्रदीपिके।
सप्त जन्मार्जितं पापं हर सप्तमि सत्वरम्।। 1
यद्यत् सर्वं कृतं पापं मया सप्तसु जन्मसु।
तन्मे शोकं च मोहं च माकरी हन्तु सप्तमी।। 2
नौमि सप्तमि देवि त्वां सर्व लोकैक मातरम्।
सप्तार्क पत्र स्नानेन मम पापं व्यपोहय।। 3

इति स्नात्वा अर्घ्यं दद्यात्

सप्त सप्ति रथ स्थान सप्त लोक प्रदीपक।
सप्तम्या सह देव त्वं गृहाणार्घ्यं दिवाकर।। 4
दिवाकराय नमः अर्घ्यं समर्पयामि।

ரத ஸப்தமி ஸ்னான - அர்க்ய மந்த்ரம்


[ஏழு எருக்க இலைகள் பச்சரிசி, அருகம் புல் மஞ்சள் பொடி பசுஞ்சாணி ஆகியவற்றை தலையில் வைத்துக்கொண்டு கிழக்கு நோக்கிகீழ் கண்ட மந்திரம் சொல்லி ஸ்நானம் செய்வதால் ஏழு பிறவிகளில் செய்த பாபம் அகலும்].

ஸப்த ஸப்தி ப்ரியே தேவி ஸப்த லோக ப்ரதீபிகே
ஸப்த ஜன்மார்ஜிதம் பாபம் ஹரஸப்தமி ஸத்வரம்
யத் யத் ஸர்வம் க்ருதம் பாபம் மயா ஸப்தஸு ஜன்மஸு
தன்மே சோகம் ச ரோகம் ச மாகரி ஹந்து ஸப்தமீ
நெளமி ஸப்தமி தேவி த்வாம் ஸப்தலோகைக மாதரம்
ஸப்த அர்க பத்ர ஸ்நானேன மம பாபம்வ்யபோஹய

மடி வஸ்த்ரம் உடுத்தி நெற்றிக்கு இட்டுகொண்டு ஸங்கல்பம் செய்துகொண்டு ரத ஸப்தமி ஸ்நானாங்கம் அர்கிய ப்ரதானம் கரிஷ்யே என்று சொல்லி கீழ் கண்டமந்திரம் சொல்லி நீரால் ஸூர்யனுக்கு அர்கியம் விட வேண்டும்.

ஸப்த ஸப்தி ரதஸ்தான ஸப்த லோக ப்ரதீபக
ஸப்தம்யா ஸஹிதோ தேவ க்ருஹாணார்க்யம் திவாகர 
திவாகராய நம: அர்க்யம் சமர்ப்பயாமி